Travelers, tourists, explorers . Anyone who loves travel wants to immortalize the exposed landscape in a shot to take home, frame and watch whenever you want. You do not need to be a professional photographer to take landscaping photography, that is impressive and spectacular.
Landscape photography is undoubtedly one of the most interesting branches, along with portraiture and reportage, in the world of photography. There is no photographer in the world, from the amateur to the professional who for some time in his life has not devoted time to the study and development of techniques for photographing natural landscapes.
Maybe it is an innate thing, but we are fascinated by the beautiful images of the world around us and for a photographer it becomes crucial to properly interpret these scenes, reproduce them in a photo and then share them with a wider audience hoping to be able to communicate to all the same feelings from a picture.
Today I want to give you 9 simple tips for photographing landscapes that will allow you to take some perfect landscape photos .
1. PHOTO LANDSCAPES WITH THE MAXIMUM FIELD DEPTH
The first rule, and a fundamental one, is to work with the utmost depth of field .
To do this, you must set the aperture to an aperture between f / 11 and f / 16 : this will allow you to get the sharpest clarity for all the elements you will frame.
If you are using a camera without manual controls or you have chosen the automatic mode, you just have to set the landscape mode and your camera will adjust the settings automatically.
2. LIMIT THE DIGITAL NOISE
If you want to get a great landscape photograph, you will have to try to minimize digital noise. How can this be achieved? Simply by working on ISO sensitivity.
Try to always photograph in optimum light conditions: this will allow you to keep the ISO set to the lowest possible value ( 100 usually ).
It’s crucial that you do not exaggerate with ISO sensitivity, so you must absolutely discard the idea of making free landscape photographs in low light conditions.
3. THE IMPORTANCE OF LIGHT IN LANDSCAPES AT SUNSET
I have already mentioned how good light can be crucial in achieving your best shot. The light does not only help to “see well” but also allows us to see things differently.
Think of a photo of Paris in the day, and a photograph of Paris at sunset. Landscapes are static subjects, and as such they are particularly sensitive to light differences.
The most exciting shots are usually those obtained during the early hours of the morning, or late afternoon, towards sunset.
In the case where you need a clear and shadowy picture, for documentary use, the central hours of the day are the ideal ones.
4. LEVELS, PLANS AND PROSPECTS
There is no camera that can take the same perspective as is perceived by the human eye.
To get the depth of your realistic and three-dimensional photo , you’ll have to focus on the foreground. For example, if you are photographing a hilly landscape, the best way to maximize the depth of the environment is to focus the focus point on a subject in the foreground, such as a flower. This will increase the perception of the distance between the subject in the foreground and the rest of the scene.
5. FOLLOW THE RULE OF THIRD PARTIES
What is the rule of third parties ? It’s a simple rule that helps you avoid the risk of taking trite photos.
To follow, you have to divide the viewfinder of your camera into a grid consisting of two horizontal lines and two vertical, equidistant bars. Your field will now be divided into nine equal parts.
At this point you just need to make sure that the main subject of your shot is along one of the lines or one of the intersection points.
In landscape photography, it is good to remember this simple rule, and it is also useful in deciding what element you want to give more emphasis .
If you’re interested in giving more importance to the sky, just make sure that it’s included in 2/3 of the frame (see photo below) .
6. USE THE SECURITY TIME
What’s uglier than a blurred picture?
Make sure you do not fall into this mistake when you find yourself immortalizing your favorite landscapes.
If you have a stand (tripod), much of this risk will be avoided by default . If you choose to shoot without, I suggest you follow the rule of safety time.
It works like this: set a shooting time equal to the focal length.
If you’re using a 50mm focal length, then you’ll have to use 1/50 ” ( or faster ) shutter speed . Remember that 1/80 of a second is a “faster” time of 1/50 “.
7. FIRE SPOTS
Your camera will automatically focus on the closest or most predominant subjects. This may not be ideal if the subject you want to capture is not the closest to you.
Your camera will focus on subjects automatically thanks to a sensor that detects larger, predominant or bright elements. You can decide whether to let it handle this automatically or you can use the manual function to control these fire spots.
Certain cameras allow you to manually set the focus point, but I recommend setting the camera to use only the center point. In this case, you just need to frame the subject to focus, press the shutter button halfway to focus and lock the focus, recompose the scene, and shoot.
8. BALANCE THE WHITE
It is possible, indeed, it is highly probable that there are different lights in the landscape you have chosen to immortalize. This can cause a disturbance in the colors and dominance of the photo, a disturbance to which any good camera attempts to remedy using white balance.
This is an automated operation, which works very well in great ways, but for a truly impeccable result, I recommend that you handle it with manual mode. In fact, in certain “abnormal” light conditions, such as sunset light, the camera crashes and completely overflow the color balance.
Instead of using Auto White Balance mode, try setting shadow mode or cloudy sky when taking a landscapes photo.
9. CHOICE OF LANDSCAPES
The last tip may sound trivial, but it’s quite important. The choice of the landscape you will be photographing is the starting point for every good shot.
Take time to look for the perfect landscape, and when you find it, check out the light conditions, choose what perspective to work. In other words, find the perfect location both for you and your camera.
So follow these simple stepps and never settle for mediocre shots !